CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: A PERSPECTIVE

There is Number of avenues for Chemical Engineer. A chemical engineer is a guy that helps in production of things on a large scale. He is one which studies a process, design plant and equipment and also runs the plant. As you see I have alienated work into three broad categories and the job circumstances are different for these. Let’s tackle them one by one.

Chemical engineering jobs do not mean plant jobs. You can be a part of companies which does the design work for refineries. These are office jobs in which you work on computer software’s only. You will work on heat exchangers design /reactor design /vessel sizing and many more refinery design related work. Such companies are called EPC companies, which do engineering work for clientele. And trust me in such companies it’s all chemical engineers who give inputs to other engineering sections. But it’s all about which company you will join based on your performance. Some of the best epic companies India are: Shell, UOP, Fluor, Technip, Bechtel, IOCL, EIL, Samsung, Punj Lloyd and many more. Offices of these companies are in Delhi/NCR/Bangalore or in Mumbai .Best of luck for your future

I am also a chemical engineering. Work as a chemical engineer is something you should focus on rather than package and getting placed. Off course India has huge demand for chemical engineering in fields like oil technology (both mineral & edible), fluids, food, pharmacy, chemicals etc. But as a chemical engineer your work would include spending significant amount of time in chemical plant. This is the testing point. Working in between boilers, reactors, pipes & sound is something a bit more time taking speaking politely.(most people don’t opt to join chemical jobs due to this reason). Also most of the industries are out of city places. You may even have to shift to remote industrial locations which may be too far from your home or at least far enough from a developed locality to wander around. That is also another sacrifice in a way. Off course, with experience and time the time to spend in plant reduces, you start owning a monopoly in chemical engineering which the company demands and your pay after sufficient experience also then increases significantly and then in later stages you can be placed to location of your favour. But before this entire fascinating thing happen you need to get ready for a mechanistic lifestyle in a plant.

  • Research –You will find many chemical engineers involve in research. These are the guys that study processes and try to find out the best way to produce a thing on large level, both safely and economically. They also try to improve existing processes. Some of the guys also work in hardcore science like ionic chemistry (battery etc.), nanotechnology, and biotechnology (yup chemical engineers have really very wide options when it comes to research.) If you have interest in computational science then you may do research in fluid dynamics etc.

If you want to go in research field then you have to do MS/Mtech viagate and   then PhD. It will take around 9-10 years after class 12. People usually   prefer doing PhD abroad as research facilities are not good in India.
After your PhD either you can do research in a university or you can join R&D department of a company. If you want to be a scientist I will suggest you to go to US as they have better working conditions and good pay scale. Working hours will be like a usual office hours. If you join a university you will have flexible working hours and you can work as you like.

  • Designing– If you have interest in design you can opt for these types of jobs. These companies usually design a process and related equipment. They also design plants. Some of the companies include – Engineers India Limited (EIL), Flour, KBR, Shell etc. You can join these companies after your graduation. It’s a normal office like work i.e. 9-5 job. EIL usually give 8.5 lakhs/annum to freshers. Other companies also give handsome salaries. Job conditions are good and if you like challenging stuff this is the best job for you. The companies in this field are usually MNC’s so it’s highly probable that you will get exposure to various countries and industries.
  • Production-These companies are involved in production of materials on large scales. These include fertilizers, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, etc. There are many companies in this field like ONGC, IOCL,BPCL,HPCL,GAIL,HUL,Proctor and Gamble,Reliance,Cairn,Tata Chemicals , RCF , Asian Paints etc. You have various options to choose from. Petrochemical companies usually pay very handsomely. BPCL pays around 11.5 lakhs/annum in Mumbai to fresher’s, which is quit high for a government job. The engineers in this

Field are highest paid. If you plan to go to abroad you will even get higher pays and there are many companies out there like Schlumberger, BP, Chevron, Exxon Mobil etc. The work condition is little bit hard in this filed as you have to work in plant or rig etc. Usually these are located outside of city and sometimes even in mid of sea. You can join these companies after graduation. Working hours are not flexible and you have to be ready for overtime as emergencies may occur at any time.

  • Most of the PSUs are now recruiting by GATE now days and that require 6 months of preparation. Although majority of people opt for job after graduation. It is recommended to go for MS as it increases your skills.As such, chemical engineers are well suited to address the complex environmental challenges routinely present in so many industrial sectors. They often function as part of a multidisciplinary team in these efforts, providing the framework to identify the problem and design practical, economical solutions once the key issues have been identified.

Maintaining air quality

 

Chemical engineers have a tremendous impact in identifying and solving a broad range of complex air pollution challenges such as the design of “end-of-pipe” solutions involving add-on pollution control technologies used to capture and/or neutralize hazardous pollutants prior to discharge to the atmosphere. They design and engineer new chemical process operations (and re-engineer and optimize existing ones) to minimize or prevent the formation of hazardous or regulated pollutants. They also design imaginative monitoring devices based on an ever-expanding array of detection methodologies, which provide accurate, real-time monitoring of target species at the sensitivity range of parts per-million (ppm) and even parts-per-billion (ppb).

Treating water and waste water

 

Water pre-treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach, and chemical engineers contribute significantly to water management including the development of widely used commercial-scale technologies and systems to purify raw water for drinking suitable for human consumption. Their contributions also include the treatment of raw source water to produce inlet process water that meets the requirements of chemical process operators,petroleum refiners, manufacturers of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, semiconductors and other industrial products, of industrial waste water streams containing a complex mix of harmful chemical compounds to meet regulatory requirements and are suitable for discharge to public waterways, and of sewage to make the resulting streams suitable for discharge.

Focus on Pollution Prevention

 

Environmental strategies to manage airborne and waterborne pollutants and solid-waste streams have historically emphasized end-of-pipe treatments that reduce the volume, toxicity, or mobility. By the 1980s, engineers shifted attention further up the proverbial pipeline and began increasingly to develop pollution prevention strategies to improve chemical process operations in many ways and to minimize or eliminate the formation of hazardous or regulated pollutants in the first place.

Chemical engineers routinely design and optimize complex industrial operations for commercial-scale chemical transformations, while minimizing the formation of unwanted chemical by-products. Over the past several decades, concerted pollution prevention efforts have helped industrial operators reduce their overall impact on the environment, which also have improved overall operating efficiency and reduced energy consumption.

Thereby reducing overall operating costs and improving long-term profitability. Interestingly, environmental improvements often go hand-in-hand with improving energy efficiency. When industrial operators reduce the amount of energy consumed by an industrial process or switch to “cleaner” fuels, such efforts not only help to reduce the emissions produced by the combustion of fossil fuels, but often achieve greater overall operating efficiencies. One of the best known examples is the “Pollution Prevention Pays” program instituted by 3M Corporation in 1975. In the 30-plus years since its inception, it has saved more than $1 billion by preventing the release of more than 2.5 billion pounds of pollutants.

Protecting the Earth

 

Over the past several decades, many in the engineering community have strived for a more ambitious overall operating philosophy, sustainable development, in which the world is viewed as having limited natural resources and being a finite “sink” for wastes in the face of a growing world population that is continuously placing increasing demand on the world’s limited resources, especially non renewable raw materials and fuels. With Sustainability goals in mind, people aim to conduct all of their personal and industrial activities in a way that leaves the planet earth in the same or better condition for future generations. Such efforts are driven by the belief that, as one sage once wrote, “The earth was not given to us by our grandparents, but lent to us by our grandchildren.” This wonderful ideal is often undertaken by using both such simple techniques as recycling and reuse to maximize the use of every resource consumed and such complex efforts as highly engineered solutions for a closed-loop or zero-discharge operation. Such an approach allows the waste streams from one operation to be used as the feedstock’s or energy sources for another. Chemical engineers are at the forefront of developing

processes that not only minimize raw materials required to produce a product, but also those that maximize the reuse of waste streams from other process operations to minimize the consumption of virgin materials and fuels as well. Environmental inventions Chemical engineers often work closely with professionals from other scientific and engineering disciplines to protect and improve the environment. Among noteworthy environmental technologies developed by chemical engineers are the auto mobile catalytic converter, flue gas desulfurization systems removing harmful gaseous pollutants from power generating plants and industrial facilities burning fossil fuels, technologies purifying drinking water and treating contaminated industrial waste-water for safe discharge to public waterways or maximum reuse by industrial facilities, and technologies for the effective recycling of post-consumer waste streams.

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